Falls are the most common cause of work-related injuries and deaths. Training with the proper equipment needed for the job can prevent serious harm and save lives. One way to protect your employees from falls is with a Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS). The basics of a PFAS can be described as the ABC’s of fall protection. Incorporating three components of fall protection, the ABC’s stand for anchorage, body support, and connecting devices.  Individually, these components won't provide protection from a fall. Although, when used properly in conjunctions with each other, a PFAS system becomes a vital safety practice.

What are the ABC'S of Fall Protection?


OSHA defines an anchorage as a secure point of attachment for lifelines, lanyards or deceleration devices.  Anchorage connectors must be able to support the intended loads and provide a factor of safety for fall arrest. 

Body Support

Full body harnesses and body belts provide a connection point on the worker for the PFAS system. Harnesses should be able to help distribute fall forces throughout the body across the thighs, pelvis, chest and shoulders.


Connectors are devices used to connect the wearer's full body harness to the anchorage system, such as a shock absorbing lanyard, self-retracting lifeline, etc. When using self-retracting lifelines (SRLs) you do not have to calculate your fall distance. To calculate your fall distance, follow this guide, compliments of Capital Safety.

Descent & Rescue

Don't forget about another required component of any fall protection program, when working at heights — the descent, rescue, and retrieval of a fallen worker. Descent and rescue devices are used to raise or lower fallen injured workers to safety or to retrieve workers from a confined space.

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Anchors   Body Support
Connectors   Descent & Rescue